How Relevant Is the Author’s Biography?

The Bookends article in the New York Times Book Section this week is titled, When We Read Fiction, How Relevant Is the Author’s Biography? If you’re not familiar with Bookends you can think of it as a Crossfire for Books and writing (or you could consider Crossfire as a Bookends for politics and government). I read Bookends regularly and often find the two arguments enlightening, but not always mutually exclusive. This week’s question, however, is an old concern of mine and since the article started right out referencing the New Criticism, I felt a strong need to absorb the two sides and make my own comments.

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Comes the Blind Fury

When I was studying literature many many years ago, I loved poetry. It was the sixties so William Blake was very popular (along with J. R. R. Tolkein) but my favorites were Alexander Pope, John Keats, and John Milton. You might wonder how a devout Atheist with tendencies toward anarchy and a penchant for bizarre fiction can even read John Milton, let alone declare that Milton is a favorite poet. To keep it simple: Milton is a great poet.

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Satan Is My Hero

I know you’re not looking for yet-another reference to Milton’s Paradise Lost. We all know it; we all love it; right? Well, these’s a lesson in Paradise Lost that is currently under discussion in the Sunday Book Review at the New York Times. The title of this article adequately presents the theme which we will tie back to John Milton.

Are We Too Concerned That Characters Be ‘Likable’?

Each week in Bookends, two writers take on pressing and provocative questions about the world of books. This week, Mohsin Hamid and Zoë Heller on whether it’s important that fictional characters be likable.

I invite you to read the article in the Times. True, it discusses the likability of the characters in fiction but it takes a knee-jerk turn to associate views on likability to a conflict between unsophisticated readers and stuffy academicians.

SatanBut back to Milton. Is Paradise Lost the one work that epitomizes the conflict between likable and unlikable characters? Although this would be a great time to pause and reread what is often considered the greatest poem in the English language, I will offer a simple statement about the conflict to contemplate, and then you can pull your volume of Milton off the shelf and make your own conclusion about likable characters.

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